A Comprehensive Literature Review of Stay-In-Place Form for All Types of Bridge Elements as a Means to Reduce the Demand on Skilled Workers

It is widely known and accepted that the demand on skilled construction work force is higher than ever as the older generation of construction personnel is not getting replaced by a younger generation. This clearly initiates the thought process for exploring creative ways to reduce the demand on skilled workers by introducing construction approaches and practices that minimize the need to employ skilled workmanship. One of such innovative techniques serving the bridge construction industry is the implementation of stay-in-place structural forms that are readily available formwork and external reinforcement that eliminates the need to build and remove falsework being in the bridge decks, bridge girders and bridge piers. Because fire is a recognized hazard in these situations, the targeted elements will be conventionally reinforced for redundancy while the Stay-in-Place (SIP) system will be available as the main reinforcement system. In this project, a comprehensive literature review will be performed of all research and existing projects using SIP form technology. Furthermore, the project will identify specific negative issues with SIP forms, such as problems with inspection or with corrosion, and the corresponding mitigations that might be available. These issues will be addressed individually and the known or proposed solution will all be documented. The proposed research will target a comprehensive state-of-the-art literature review of all the bridge elements utilizing the SIP technology. This includes but is not limited to bridge deck, bridge girder and bridge pier construction in addition to all the other complementary elements like cross girders. The literature review will include the experimental prototypes as well as the actual project implementations in bridges performed by the United States DOT’s, Canada and the rest of the world. The specific literature review research tasks include: (1) Identifying a historical perspective for this technology in each bridge element application to link it to the current state-of-the-art construction techniques. (2) Surveying all the full-scale experimental investigations performed highlighting the main take away conclusions. (3) Establishing a database of all implementation projects that have utilized this technology in the US, Canada and the rest of the world. (4) Performing a comprehensive review of the design documents and construction specifications available to the engineering community (5) Building flow charts that facilitates the effective implementation strategies of this technology. (6) Writing and submitting the final project report.


    • English


    • Status: Active
    • Funding: $38985
    • Contract Numbers:

      K-TRAN: KSU-24-2



    • Sponsor Organizations:

      Kansas Department of Transportation

      Eisenhower State Office Building
      700 SW Harrison Street
      Topeka, KS  United States  66603-3754
    • Performing Organizations:

      Kansas State University Transportation Center

      Kansas State University
      Department of Civil Engineering
      Manhattan, KS  United States  66506
    • Principal Investigators:

      Rasheed, Hayder

    • Start Date: 20230801
    • Expected Completion Date: 20241101
    • Actual Completion Date: 0

    Subject/Index Terms

    Filing Info

    • Accession Number: 01894617
    • Record Type: Research project
    • Source Agency: Kansas Department of Transportation
    • Contract Numbers: K-TRAN: KSU-24-2, RE-0875-01, C2224
    • Files: RIP, STATEDOT
    • Created Date: Sep 26 2023 2:27PM