Midwest Guardrail System (MGS) Thrie Beam Approach Guardrail Transition (AGT) Retrofit to Existing Concrete Parapets and Bridges

When a roadway/bridge is resurfaced with an overlay, Nebraska Department of Transportation (NDOT) plans to replace the approach guardrail transition (AGT) adjacent to the bridge with a Manual for Assessing Safety Hardware (MASH) TL-3 crashworthy design. To minimize repair costs, NDOT does not desire to replace or alter any bridge rails with adequate structural capacity and height. Bridge rails installed under National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP) 230 or earlier standards are likely too short for current standards and need to be replaced, but bridge rails installed to NCHRP Report 350 standards should meet MASH TL-3 criteria and could remain in place. However, this creates a problem of attaching new, 31-in. tall AGTs to existing concrete bridge rails and parapets (after an overlay) that were not designed for such connections and the resulting system may not be crashworthy to current safety standards. Therefore, the development of cost effective retrofit options are desired for attaching new, 31-in. tall AGTs to existing NDOT bridge rail and parapet designs.