Rapid Tests and Specifications for Construction of Asphalt-Treated Cold Recycled Pavements

Pavement recycling offers significant economic and environmental benefits through reductions in material and energy consumption cost of construction and user delays. However, there are currently no universally agreed upon rapid process control and product acceptance test methods to ensure that the constructed materials comply with commonly specified parameters and are ready for traffic and surfacing. Asphalt-based recycling agents (foamed asphalt or emulsified asphalt) are used in the following pavement cold recycling processes: cold in-place recycling (CIR), cold central-plant recycling (CCPR), and full-depth reclamation (FDR). Cold recycled materials have traditionally been accepted on the basis of moisture content and compaction in the field and performance tests in the laboratory. These tests do not readily lend themselves to assessing the as-constructed quality and performance of cold recycled materials, nor do they help determine the proper time when traffic and surfacing can be applied without causing damage. Many agencies specify either a maximum moisture content or a mandatory curing period of 2 to 14 days before the recycled layer can accept surfacing. If the actual curing can be measured, significant construction delays may be avoided. Several state DOTs and some local government agencies have developed construction specifications for the various forms of cold recycling, which may vary widely from jurisdiction to jurisdiction. Therefore, a guide specification for process control and product acceptance of cold recycling operations is needed to promote consistency among agencies and allow contractors to more easily operate within multiple jurisdictions. The objectives of this research were to develop (1) time-critical tests for asphalt-treated CIR, FDR, and CCPR materials and (2) a guide specification using these tests for process control and product acceptance that provides the agency with a basis for determining when the pavement can be opened to traffic and surfaced.


  • English


  • Status: Completed
  • Funding: $999737
  • Contract Numbers:

    Project 09-62

  • Sponsor Organizations:

    American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO)

    444 North Capitol Street, NW
    Washington, DC  United States  20001

    National Cooperative Highway Research Program

    Transportation Research Board
    500 Fifth Street, NW
    Washington, DC  United States  20001

    Federal Highway Administration

    1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
    Washington, DC  United States  20590
  • Project Managers:

    Harrigan, Edward

  • Performing Organizations:

    Virginia Transportation Research Council

    530 Edgemont Road
    Charlottesville, VA  United States  22903
  • Principal Investigators:

    Diefenderfer, Brian

  • Start Date: 20170601
  • Expected Completion Date: 20220831
  • Actual Completion Date: 20220831
  • Source Data: RiP Project 41291

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01618755
  • Record Type: Research project
  • Source Agency: Transportation Research Board
  • Contract Numbers: Project 09-62
  • Files: TRB, RIP
  • Created Date: Dec 11 2016 9:26AM